The Transcendental Meditation movement originated in 1955 with His Holiness Maharishi Mahesh Yogi beginning to teach it publically in India. Starting 1958, he embarked on multiple world tour to teach it across the world. The movement gained popularity in the 1960s and 70s when the Beatles and the Beach Boys learned TM from Maharishi himself.
In 1961, the International Meditation Society was founded in the United States to offer TM courses to the public.
In 1963, The SRM (Spiritual Regeneration Movement) Foundation of India was established in India to oversee TM activities in the country.
In 1970, the basis for offering TM to corporate institutions was laid with the formation of the International Foundation of the Science of Creative Intelligence and later the Maharishi Corporate Development Program (MCDP). TM is offered in hundreds of companies across the USA for holistic human resource development in India, UK and Japan, many of them Fortune 500 companies. The MCDP is one of the largest programmes of its kind in the world.
In 1970 the first (of more than 750 studies to this date and continuing) research study on Transcendental Meditation was published in the journal Science and later the Scientific American. It was also covered by Time Magazine in 1974.
The seed for Consciousness Based Education or the application of TM in education was sown with the establishment of the Students International Meditation Society (SIMS) in Germany in 1964. More than 1000 came up in US, Canada, Germany and UK in the next decade. The Maharishi International University (now known as Maharishi University of Management) was setup in Farifield, Iowa, USA in 1973. In 1975, the Maharishi European Research University was established in Seelisburg, Switzerland in 1975 where it still has a campus. An additional campus was opened on the grounds of the former St.Ludwig College in Vlodrop, Netherlands, in 1984, where Maharishi built his official residence that he stayed in till his demise in 2008. At present, more than 10,00,000 students across 230 schools in Asia, Europe, Middle East, Africa, Australia and the Americas are practicing TM. Maharishi introduced the advanced techniques of TM, the TM Sidhi and Yogic Flying program in 1975, with principle of the Extended Maharishi Effect at its basis and the aim of accelerating development to higher states of consciousness. (read more). More than 8 million people are practicing TM and its advanced techniques across 110 countries worldwide today.